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CMST 365 (Mullan)

A research guide for CMST 365 students at ESU.

Cite Like a Champion

A citation allows you to:

  1. show that information you are sharing came from another source
  2. appropriately credit that information and
  3. allows people to find the original source of that information. 

By using citations, you also avoid plagiarism (for more on plagiarism, visit that tab on the left). 

It also shows how much research you've done on a topic, and strengthens the validity of your argument by showing that others agree or disagree with you, and may already have performed studies to prove your points.  By citing, you distinguish your work from others by separating out your ideas. 

Want to know more? Watch the video below by UTM Library, and look at the resources available to you in the other tabs in this box. You can also take the quiz from ESU's Writing Studio (box below), or you can try The Citation Game which will quiz you on ACS, APA, Chicago or MLA!


The below manuals are all in the library at the Circulation Desk under Reserve - this means if you ask for them at the Circulation Desk you can check them out for two hours to be used inside the library. You can also find the rules online at Purdue Owl - see the next tab "Online Citation Guides (Purdue OWL)".

Can't remember the rules and don't feel like coming to the library to check out the manual in print? Don't worry, Purdue OWL has you covered, no matter the citation style. Their full name is the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University and they host writing resources and instructional material on their website. It is constantly updated with the newest information, so you can trust it to be accurate. Make sure you check what version your professor says to use.


Purdue OWL is an excellent source for guidance on citation styles with examples of in-text citations and reference lists/ works cited pages.

Bibliographic Management Tools help researchers organize and manage their research. They may be able to help you format papers and create footnotes and bibliographies.

  • ESU has loaded the EndNote bibliographic management software on all general access computer labs on campus. You can use this software to save sources and create bibliographies in the various standard formats like MLA and APA.  It is not usually a desktop icon, so you'll have to look for it in the program list or search programs and files for "endnote". Here's a link to their quickstart guide.

There are also many citation building tools available on the web. These tools can be useful but you should always check your citations against the appropriate style guide to be sure the all the information is included and formatted correctly for that style.

  • Mendeley: free social software that allows you to manage and share research papers, this also creates and tracks citations, allows you to save your PDFs in one place, and also has a mobile app and desktop download.  It does a lot more, and is incredibly useful. This is probably my personal favorite because it does an amazing amount and it's free
  • Zoteroa Firefox web browser extension
  • BibMe: web-based tool for generating bibliographies in APA, MLA, Turabian and Chicago style
  • EasyBib: automatic works cited and bibliography formatting in APA, MLA, Turabian and Chicago styles
  • CiteULike: a free service for discovering and managing scholarly research
  • Son of Citation Machine: an interactive tool to help create reference citations

Citation Questions?

Image of Citation Help LibGuide

Citation Help

Have questions about citation? Check out this LibGuide on APA, MLA And Chicago citation styles and tools!